FAQ

How serious is the world energy crisis? Can nuclear help to solve this crisis?

Answer

(What is the role of nuclear power in the world’s energy crisis?)

The energy challenges for the 21st century are the following:

  - Accessibility: access to affordable modern energy for all people
  - Availability: reliable and secure energy supply
  
- Acceptability: protect and preserve the local and global environment

which can also be read as “Poverty, Economy/Security, Environment”.

Two major realities, (soon ending of oil and gas resources and threat of climate change), created the energy crisis. Sustainable development induces environmentally friendly increase in living standards, food safety and preservation, environment protection, water resources, cars on electric batteries, reasonable travel and avoiding long distance transport of  goods and food, more public transportation. For all these purposes large increases in nuclear energy production is providing an important part of the solution.

Background

The energy challenges for the 21st century are the following:
  - Accessibility: access to affordable modern energy for all people
  - Availability: reliable and secure energy supply
  - Acceptability: protect and preserve the local and global environment
which can be read as Poverty, Economy/Security, Environment.
Two major realities, (soon ending of oil and gas resources and threat of climate change), created the energy crisis.
Demand for energy has exploded since the beginning of the 20th century and is expected to double by 2050. The world population growth is expected to lead to 10 billions by end of 21st century. Energy increase is needed for sustainable development.
Sustainable development induces environmentally friendly increase in living standards, food safety and preservation, environment protection, water resources, cars on electric batteries, reasonable travel and avoiding long distance transport of  goods and food, more public transportation.
World electricity requirements will triple. Today one quarter of the world’s population consumes nearly two thirds of its resources while an estimated one quarter of the world’s population has no access to electricity. Nuclear power will be part of the solution to provide more equitable, sustainable and climate-friendly distribution of resources, contributing to the social and economic well being of populations all over the world. Climate change prevention needs immediate action bringing down the carbon dioxide emissions including CO2sequestration for coal fired plants, reducing the use of hydrocarbon energies, cutting energy consumption, so nuclear power and renewables are essential elements for reaching this goal of reducing CO2and green gases emissions. The following graph illustrates the obstacles met:

 
FAQ6_enery_Cycle.jpg
 
References: International Energy Agency, WNA, Le Nucléaire et la Planète by F. Sorin, World Energy Council
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