FAQ

What is non proliferation?

Answer

The Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) was signed in 1968 and recognized 5 nuclear weapons states and no more. These states accepted to reduce their nuclear arsenal and to transfer freely the civil nuclear technology.

The International Atomic Energy Agency was created in 1956 (and reports to the United Nations Security Council) to oversee the peaceful uses of nuclear materials by controls and inspections through what is called the Safeguards Agreements and to organize the technological transfer of peaceful nuclear developments. For nuclear commerce, respect of NPT is a must and the IAEA safeguard regime is the foundation for NPT implementation.

Background

The term proliferation refers to the increasing number of countries who possessed or were preparing for nuclear weapons. Without detailing the whole history behind the signature of the Non Proliferation Treaty also called NPT - history starting in 1953 with President Eisenhower speech “Atoms for Peace” and still developing - the NPT was signed in 1968 and recognized 5 nuclear weapons states and no more, these states accepting to reduce their nuclear arsenal and to transfer freely the civil nuclear technology. The International Atomic Energy Agency was created in 1956 (and reports to the UN Security Council) to oversee the peaceful uses of nuclear materials by controls and inspections called the Safeguards Agreement and to organize the technological transfer of peaceful nuclear developments. For nuclear commerce, respect of NPT is a must and the IAEA safeguard regime is the foundation for it.
The IAEA is the world nuclear safeguards inspectorate, with more than four decades of verification experience. Inspectors work to verify that safeguarded nuclear material and activities are not used for military purposes. The IAEA inspects nuclear and related facilities under safeguards agreements with more than 145 States around the world. Most agreements are with States that have internationally committed themselves not to possess nuclear weapons. These agreements are concluded pursuant to the global Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), for which the IAEA is the verification authority, reporting to the UN Security Council.
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